Seminar über Quanten-, Atom- und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)

Nov. 28, 2024 at 2:15 p.m. in IPH Lorentzraum 05-127Prof. Dr. Peter van Loock

Institut für Physik

loock@uni-mainz.de

Dr. Lars von der Wense

Institut für Physik

lars.vonderwense@uni-mainz.de

Dr. Claudiu Genes (MPI für die Physik des Lichts, Erlangen)

Superradiance and subradiance are fundamental aspects of the open system dynamics of dense ensembles of quantum emitters exhibiting spontaneous emission rates well below or well above the rate for a single isolated system. At the purely theoretical level, superradiance has been first discussed by Dicke in 1954, in the context of accelerated decay of an ensemble of identical N initially inverted two-level quantum systems. In practice, such cooperative behavior associated with super- and subradiance at low excitation levels, has been observed in the 1930s by Jelley and Scheibe, in the context of molecular aggregates: unexpectedly large absorption cross-sections have been recorded for dye molecules. This has been later explained by Kasha in the 1960s as stemming from the alignment of the transition dipole moments of the many nanometer-spaced monomers forming the aggregate.

We analytically tackle such issues with methods of open quantum system dynamics, in particular quantum Langevin equations and master equations.

For the problem of Dicke superradiance we identify an exact analytical solution for the time evolution of the density operator, valid for any time t any number N of emitters.

In the direction of quantum optics with molecules, we provide analytical models and solutions for the excitation migration between collective electronic levels in molecular aggregates and for processes involving non-radiative transitions due to non-adiabatic couplings of potential electronic landscapes in single large organic molecules.

[1] R. Holzinger and C. Genes, Exact solution for Dicke superradiance, arXiv:2409.19040, (2024).

[2] R. Holzinger, N. S. Bassler, H. Ritsch and C. Genes, Scaling law for Kasha's rule in photoexcited molecular aggregates, J. Phys. Chem. A 128, 19, 3910 (2024).

[3] N. S. Bassler, M. Reitz, R. Holzinger, A. Vibók, G. J. Halász, B. Gurlek and C. Genes, Generalized energy gap law: An open system dynamics approach to non-adiabatic phenomena in molecules, arXiv:2405.08718 (2024).