Theoriekolloquium

Nov. 24, 2011 at 2:30 p.m. in Seminarraum K, Bau 2/413, 01-525Prof. Dr. P.G.J. van Dongen

Institut für Physik, KOMET 7

peter.vandongen@uni-mainz.de

Jun.-Prof. Dr. J. Marino

Institut für Physik, KOMET 7

jamarino@uni-mainz.de

Dr. Gianluca Calcagni (Albert-Einstein-Institut, MPI Golm)

We construct a theory of fields living on continuous geometries with fractional Hausdorff and spectral dimensions, focussing on a flat background analogous to Minkowski spacetime. We review the properties of fractional spaces with fixed dimension and generalize to a multi-fractional scenario inspired by multi-fractal geometry, where the dimension changes with the scale. This is related to the renormalization group properties of fractional field theories, illustrated by the example of a scalar field. The effective dimension flows from 2 in the ultraviolet (UV) and geometry constrains the infrared limit to be four-dimensional. At the UV critical value, the model is rendered power-counting renormalizable. However, this is not the most fundamental regime. Compelling arguments of fractal geometry require an extension of the fractional action measure to complex order. In doing so, we obtain a hierarchy of scales characterizing different geometric regimes. At very small scales, discrete symmetries emerge and the notion of a continuous spacetime begins to blur, until one reaches a fundamental scale and an ultra-microscopic fractal structure.